Dover, DE Profile: Facts & Data


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Dover, Delaware - Basic Facts

The City of Dover is the 2nd largest city in Delaware with a population of 39,955 as of July 1, 2023. Dover ranks in the upper quartile for Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Delaware. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Dover is located at latitude 39.1582 and longitude -75.5244 in Kent County. The formal boundaries for the City of Dover encompass a land area of 23.18 sq. miles and a water area of 0.29 sq. miles. Kent County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5).

The City of Dover has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Delaware is one of 20 states where Census County Divisions (CCDs) are used for statistical tracking of subdivisions within each county. The City of Dover is located within Dover Division of Kent County.

Jump to... (On This Page!)
  1. Dover 2023 Demographic Data
  2. Growth Rates for Dover (Historical & 5-Year Forecast)
  3. Peer Comparisons (Rank and Percentile)
  1. Neighborhoods Demographics (Home Values, Household Income, etc.)
  2. Delaware Research Tools (Easy Tools & Current Data)
  3. Delaware Data Comparison Tool - 2023 Demographics

Dover, DE Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2023)


Total Population 39,955 (100%)
Population in Households 36,372 (91.0%)
Population in Families 26,529 (66.4%)
Population in Group Quarters1 3,583 ( 9.0%)
Population Density 1,688
Diversity Index2 70


Median Household Income $53,704
Average Household Income $72,526
% of Income for Mortgage4 28%
Per Capita Income $28,324
Wealth Index5 53
Socioeconomic Status Index6 Low (43.7)


Total HU (Housing Units) 16,438 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 7,810 (47.5%)
Renter Occupied HU 7,642 (46.5%)
Vacant Housing Units 986 ( 6.0%)
Median Home Value $249,295
Average Home Value $276,841
Housing Affordability Index3 90


Total Households 15,452
Average Household Size 2.35
Family Households 8,533
Average Family Size 3.00
  1. Group Quarters - a place where people live or stay in a group living arrangement. Includes college residents halls, nursing facilities, military barracks, and correctional facilities.
  2. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different races or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
  3. The Housing Affordability Index base is 100 and represents a balance point where a resident with a median household income can normally qualify to purchase a median price home. Values above 100 indicate increased affordability, while values below 100 indicate decreased affordability.
  4. The % of Income for Mortgage quantifies the percentage of median household income dedicated to mortgage payments on a home priced at the median value (assuming a 30-year mortgage and a 20% down payment).
  5. The Wealth Index is based on a number of indicators of affluence including average household income and average net worth, but it also includes the value of material possessions and resources. It represents the wealth of the area relative to the national level. Values above or below 100 represent above-average wealth or below-average wealth compared to the national level.
  6. The Socioeconomic Index ranges from zero (lowest relative status) to 100 (highest relative status). This measure quantifies disparities in social position of an area's inhabitants and is built from a broad range of demographic, housing, and socioeconomic inputs. More information on this measure can be found in Esri's SEI tutorial.


2020-2023 2023-2028
Population 0.43% 0.32%
Households 0.60% 0.63%
Families   0.30%
Median Household Income   1.48%
Per Capita Income   2.38%
Owner Occupied HU   1.33%

Dover, DE - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Dover to the other 79 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Delaware by rank and percentile using July 1, 2023 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 2 99th
Population Density # 28 66th
Median Household Income # 71 11th
Housing Affordability Index # 36 46th
Per Capita Income # 69 14th
Diversity Index # 18 78th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Delaware Census Data Comparison Tool.

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